In short, Socialisation means all the required skills that are necessary for an infant from the beginning to perform as functioning members of the society they need to live in. Socialization term is used by sociologists, social psychologists, political scientists, anthropologists, etc. Socialization theory is a process by which human infants begin to acquire skills and knowledge that are necessary to perform as functioning members of society as they grew up.
List Of 4 Different Socialisation Theory
Primary Socialisation Theory
Primary socialization theory is the basic and most essential socialization theory. It takes place in an individual in the early years of his or her life. Primary socialization theory focuses on cognitive skills and the teaching of language, establishing emotional ties, appreciating the roles of others, and respecting the perspectives of an individual, cultural norms, values, and virtues, etc.
Anticipatory Socialisation Theory
In Anticipatory Socialisation, theory not only learns the culture of the group you are part of but also learns of the culture of the group you are surrounded by and not a part of. Anticipatory socialization theory makes an individual feel proud of their culture, and at the same time, they also learn to respect and appreciate the culture of other cultures they are surrounded by. No culture, religion is less appreciated in anticipatory socialization theory, but as an individual, you learn to cherish all the cultures you are surrounded with but not lose the identity of your culture.
Developmental Socialisation Theory
Developmental socialization theory is based on the achievements of primary socialization theory you have learned in your early years of life. This socialization theory is built on already acquired knowledge and skills as the individual progresses through new phases of their life, such as marriage or a new job. This socialization theory is required when you pass through adulthood with new obligations, expectations, roles. It is a blend of new learning with old that ensures the smooth and continuous process of development.
Individuals not only change roles in a group but also change the membership groups. Re-Socialisation theory is a stripping away of learned patterns and a substitution of new one of them. Re-Socialisation theory takes place when social roles are radically changed, such as rapid social mobility.
Humans are social animals willingly or unwillingly; they have to be a part of the social activities of the society they are part of. Learning socialization theory is not a lesson that you can learn overnight, but for that, you need to have the practice since birth. Since childhood, we have been taught DOs and DON’Ts of the houses, and initially, when we grew up, we became familiar with the DOs and DON’Ts of the society. Socialization theory is essential and necessary for an individual to establish a good society in his or her surrounding.